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          通风管道由哪些部分组成?

          来源:http://www.rps-infinia.com 日期:2022-11-03 发布人:jntfgd

          在日常生活中到处都是随处可见的管道,而用来做什么的都不是很清楚,通风管道看似简简单单,实际每一个看起粗陋的管道,都是由多个不同的功能组成,能够实现建筑对通风及连带的多项需求,使用起来才更为便捷。做通风管道,对各个单独的部件也都精益求精,下面就看一看,通风管道由哪些部分组成。
          In daily life, there are pipes everywhere, but what they are used for is not very clear. Ventilation pipes seem simple, but in fact, each rough pipe is composed of many different functions, which can meet the building's multiple requirements for ventilation and associated, so it is more convenient to use. As a ventilation duct, we should strive for perfection in each individual component. Let's take a look at which parts the ventilation duct is composed of.
          1、通风管道。在通风系统中,依靠通风管来送入或抽出空气。通风管的截面有圆形和矩形。通风管除直管外,由弯头、来回弯、变径弯,三通、四通等管件按工程实际需要组合而成。
          1. Ventilation duct. In a ventilation system, air is fed in or drawn out by means of a ventilation pipe. The cross section of vent pipe is circular and rectangular. Except for straight pipes, ventilation pipes are composed of elbows, back and forth bends, reducing bends, tees, crosses and other pipe fittings according to the actual needs of the project.
          2、各类风口。为了向室内送入或室内排出空气,在通风管上设置的各种型式的送风口或吸风口,以调节送入或吸出的空气量。风口的类型很多,常用的类型是装有网状和条形格栅的矩形风口,设有联动调节装置,其他的类型没有联动调节装置。风口分为单层、双层、三层及不同形式的散流器。
          2. Various air outlets. In order to supply or exhaust indoor air, various types of air supply or suction outlets are set on the ventilation pipe to regulate the amount of air supplied or sucked. There are many types of tuyeres. The commonly used type is the rectangular tuyere with mesh and strip grid, which is equipped with linkage adjustment device. Other types have no linkage adjustment device. The tuyere is divided into single layer, double layer, three layers and diffusers of different forms.
          3、阀门。安装于风管上的用以调节风量和关闭个别支管的通风部件。通风与空调工程常用的阀门有插板阀、蝶阀、多叶调节阀、圆开瓣式启动阀、空气处理室中旁通阀、防火阀和止回阀等,
          3. Valves. Ventilation components installed on air ducts to regulate air volume and close individual branches. The valves commonly used in ventilation and air conditioning engineering include gate valve, butterfly valve, multi blade regulating valve, round open flap starting valve, bypass valve in air handling room, fire damper and check valve, etc,
          4、消声器。防止噪声传入室内所采用的装置。在空调工程中采用的有阻性捎声器、抗性捎声顺、共振性消声器和宽频带复合式消声器等。?
          4. Muffler. Devices used to prevent noise from entering the room. Resistive sound carrier, reactive sound carrier, resonant muffler and broadband composite muffler used in air conditioning engineering.?
          5、除尘器。是净化空气的一种设备,一般分为旋风式除尘器、湿式除尘器和袋式除尘器等。
          5. Dust remover. It is a kind of equipment for purifying air, generally divided into cyclone dust remover, wet dust remover and bag type dust remover.
          6、通风机。是机械通风系统中迫使空气流动的机械。通风机是通风与空调系统的主要设备,根据构造原理分为轴流式通风机和离心式通风机两类。
          6. Ventilators. It is a mechanical ventilation system that forces air to flow. Fan is the main equipment of ventilation and air conditioning system, which can be divided into axial flow fan and centrifugal fan according to the structure principle.
          7、风帽。它用于排风系统的末端,它的作用是向室外排除污浊空气。按其形式分有:适用于一般机械排风系统的伞形风帽,适用于除尘系统的锥形风帽,适用于自然排风系统的简形风帽。
          7. Hood. It is used at the end of the exhaust system, and its role is to remove dirty air to the outside. According to its form, it can be divided into: umbrella type wind cap suitable for general mechanical exhaust system, cone type wind cap suitable for dust removal system, and simple type wind cap suitable for natural exhaust system.
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